The topic addressed here
may have nothing to do with politics, but it sure is a pet peeve of mine. There are few things more dangerous than positive thinking. I've seen a number of positive-thinking entrepreneurs lose their shirts because they came under the impression that a crummy idea will conquer the universe as long as the person trying to make the plan work radiates slap-happy optimism.
According to a great deal of research, positive fantasies may lessen your chances of succeeding. In one experiment, the social psychologists Gabriele Oettingen and Doris Mayer asked eighty-three German students to rate the extent to which they “experienced positive thoughts, images, or fantasies on the subject of transition into work life, graduating from university, looking for and finding a job.” Two years later, they approached the same students and asked about their post-college job experiences. Those who harbored positive fantasies put in fewer job applications, received fewer job offers, and ultimately earned lower salaries. The same was true in other contexts, too. Students who fantasized were less likely to ask their romantic crushes on a date and more likely to struggle academically. Hip-surgery patients also recovered more slowly when they dwelled on positive fantasies of walking without pain.
Heather Barry Kappes, a management professor at the London School of Economics, has published similar research with Oettingen. I asked Kappes why fantasies hamper progress, and she told me that they dull the will to succeed: “Imagining a positive outcome conveys the sense that you’re approaching your goals, which takes the edge off the need to achieve.”
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In a provocative new analysis, Oettingen and her colleagues have suggested that public displays of positive thinking may even predict downturns in major macroeconomic outcomes. They used a text-analysis program to measure the tone of articles in USA Today between 2007 and 2009, and found that especially positive articles predicted a downturn in the Dow Jones Industrial Average between a week and a month later. The researchers also analyzed all twenty-one U.S. Presidential inaugural addresses between 1933 and 2009, and found that Presidents who waxed optimistic about the future saw a rise in unemployment and a slowdown in economic growth during their terms in office.
Can't you visualize George W. Bush telling Tony Blair to think happy thoughts about the upcoming war in Iraq?
If you keep your chin up, your chin becomes easier to punch. Instead of constantly forcing yourself to think happy thoughts (out of a secret fear that Billy Mumy will send you into the cornfields of entrepreneurial failure), why not follow a more practical philosophy? Nous devons cultiver notre jardin